Nature never ceases to amaze with the variety of life forms. Recently, Tomsk scientists were able to detect a new bacterium, and not just a simple one, but capable of living in the ground at a depth of 2 kilometers. Despite its microscopic size, this baby has a long and difficult to pronounce name Desulforudis audaxviator. Scientists caught the bacterium in groundwater and immediately began to study its features. Desulforudis audaxviator is able to live both without oxygen and sunlight, which, in principle, is characteristic of all underground bacteria. However, its uniqueness lies in the fact that the bacterium does not die when it comes in contact with oxygen, which is also typical of underground and deep-sea inhabitants. Moreover, Desulforudis audaxviator can travel through the air, as evidenced by the DNA of bacteria in Finland and the United States. However, it was Russian scientists who managed to find a whole representative of this species.
The practical benefits of studying such a unique bacterium are immense. The data obtained can be used both in biotechnological developments and in the theoretical substantiation of the possibility of life on other planets, including those lacking oxygen.